Immigrants
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Early Culpeper
Immigrants and Travelers

Published records of pre-20th century ship passengers to America often imply that all such passengers were immigrants. However, there are numerous exceptions:

  1. Many passengers, particularly in the Culpeper family, were merchants conducting business.

  2. Other so-called passengers were given that status based on land grants that they earned through the importation of others into the colonies.

  3. Another did not travel, but was a minister (William, 1634), who, along with four other ministers, gave a certificate concerning a family of passengers (Thomas Hayward of Aylesford in Kent, his wife and five children) that "they have dwelt of their coversion and conformity to the orders and discipline of the Church, and that they have taken the oath of Allegeance and Supremacy according to an order of the Lords of his Majesty's Most Noble privie counsell..."

  4. Some were crew members of a ship.

So such "passenger" or "immigration" records need to be carefully considered within the context of all other known facts.

Date
If land grant,  the date of the grant.
From/To
If land grant, the location of the grant
Person
Generally, an immigrant or traveler, but not in every case.
Further Detail
1634 Did not travel, but issued certificate for a family who traveled on the Hercules from Sandwich to New England William Culpeper
(Minister at Wychling, Kent, later of Barbados)
William has been thought by some to be an immigrant.1 However, a close reading of a different source shows that William was not on the ship. (Also see No. 3 above.) 2
10 Jun 1646 Northampton County, Virginia John Culpeper Henry Pedenden, 550 acres. p. 118. Transport of 11 persons.3
12 May 1653 To Virginia Henry Culpeper Capt. Nathaniel Hurd, 144 acres. Transport 3 persons.4, 37, 38
1663 To Maryland Elizabeth Culpeper 5
1664 To Virginia Thomas Culpeper 41
10 May 1664
-
30 June 1664
From London to
New England
Henry Culpeper
John Culpeper
Shippers by the Defence, Mr. John Webber, bound from London for New England: Benjamin Hewling, John Newell, Humphrey Hodges, Thomas Parris, James Fassett, John Fullerton, Sir William Peake, Robert Davies, Robert Knight, John Winder,. Henry Culpeper, John Culpeper.7
10 Jul 1664 Accomack County, Virginia John Culpeper Tabitha Smart, 1000 acres. p. 188 (78). Transport 20 persons.6
*24 Aug 1664 Rappahannock Co  & Northumberland County, Virginia Robert Culpeper
Dennis Culpeper
Richard Webley, Robert Davis & Thomas Freshwater, 7221 acres. p 106 (603). Transport 145 persons.8
25 Sep 1665 Rappahannock County, Virginia James Culpeper Robert Davies, 2580 acres. p. 397 (457). Transport 52 persons.9
9 Oct 1667 Accomack County, Virginia James Culpeper Anne Tofft, 2600 acres. p. 80. Transport 52 persons. 10
1670/1 Rappahannock County, Virginia James Culpeper John Prosser & Henry Creighton, 4246 acres. Transport 85 persons.11
2 Mar 1670/1 From Barbados to Charles Town, South Carolina John Culpeper Via the ship, Carolina.
Accompanied by Negro, Crow.12,13,14
14 Mar 1670/1 From Barbados to Charles Town, South Carolina Judith Culpeper, accompanied by servant, Alice Thomas 12,13,14
1672 To Virginia Alexander Culpeper 15
1679 To Barbados Alleyne Culpeper
Francis Culpeper
35
27 Nov 1679 - 6 Dec 1679 London to Virginia John Culpeper Shippers by the Dorothy, Mr. John More, bound from London for Virginia: Richard Buller, Micajah Perry, John Culpeper.16
11 Dec 1679 London to Virginia Lord Culpeper Shipper by the Oxford frigate, Captain Mason, bound from London for Virginia: Lord Culpeper.16
1679-1680 To Barbados Alleyne Culpeper
Francis Culpeper
36
1680 To Barbados Francis Culpeper 34
1680 To Barbados Allin Culpeper 34
30 Mar 1680 Albemarle, North Carolina John Culpeper Ralph Fletcher, 400 acres, for transportation of Nine persons. Tho. Cullen, Sarah his wife John and Rich, his Sons, Sarah, Anne, Mary, Christian, and Martha his Daughters being transportation Rights and becomes due to Fletcher as being assigned by Tho. Cullen (torn) Sir William Berkley and from Berkley by his (torn) John Culpeper to governor Carteret, and by Carterestís attorney Capt. Craford Esqr., to Ralph Coates, and by Coates to Fletcher. 32
23 Apr 1681 Nansemond County, Virginia John Culpeper John Johnson, 350 acres .Transport seven persons: John Culpeper, six times, and Curtis Land, once.17
3 Mar 1693 Albemarle, North Carolina John Culpeper Patrick Henley, 1100 acres, the persons viz. John Culpeper, John Robison, Jacko, Grace, 2 Negros Valentine Bird, betty, bes, Mingo, and Tom Negroes, Andrew, Jumpo, Maria, Jane, An Farmer, Pa. Henley, Eliz. Duff, betty negro, Sarah Henley Margrett Byrd Sarah Byrd, 22 Survey for Stephen Scott, assignee of Patrick Henley, 247 acres, 12 Jun 1696 33
Certified (torn) 1693/4 Pasquotank, North Carolina John Culpepper Patrick Henley proved 22 rights, Pasquotank: John Culpepper, John Robison, Yacko and Grace 2 negroes, Valentine Byrd, Sarah Byrde, Betty, Bes, Mingo, and Tom, 4 Negroes, Andrew, Yampo, Marea and (torn), Betty a negroe, my wife Sarah Henley, Margaret Byrde.  .  A warrant Given. 31
1696 To Maryland Michael Culpeper 40
1750 To Maryland John Culpeper 40
Sep 1751 To Virginia Margaret Culpeper Sentenced to transportation & transported, Greyhound. Middlesex.18,19,20
15 Jul 1822 From England to NYC Francis Culpeper, 7, M Came under care of Mrs. Fenwick to be educated. Intends to inhabit Great Britain.
Ship: Cannon 21 43
28 Apr 1830 From England to NYC William A. Culpepper, 38, Male, Merchant from England Intends to inhabit Great Britain
Ship: Wanderer 44
1 Jun 1830 Sailed from New York for Liverpool Hon. William A. Culpeper, and Mr. James Neil and servant, of Barbados (#9354) Ship: Caledonia. 26
19 Aug 1830 On a round trip from Barbados, traveled to East River, Virginia. Robert Culpeper, age 19, Student of Medicine (#10342) Master: Larkin Borum
Ship: Schooner William A. Knox. 27
26 Nov 1831 On a round trip from England, traveled from Surinam to New Haven, CT John A. Culpepper, age 21, Merchant (#9058) Master: George Benjamin
Ship: Brig George Washington 28
Apr-Jun 1832 On a round trip from England, traveled from Barbados to Alexandria, Virginia Robert J. Culpeper, age 21, Student (#10342) Brig Daniel H. Miller, Ebenezer Bacon. 24
18 Jun 1832 Arrived in New London, CT, with origin having been the US Allen Culpepper
age: 23
(#9058)
Occupation: Agriculture
Baggage: 3 trunks, 1 band box, 1 bag/clothing. 29
Jul-Sep 1832 Ireland to Passamaquoddy, Maine William Culpepper
age 22 (#37745)
30
14 Apr 1837 England to Boston A. Culpeper (#9067) 22
9 Dec 1844 Barbados to Philadelphia, on route to New Jersey Francis Culpeper (22 M), Merchant (#9113)
Emily R. Culpeper
(22 F)Emily Culpeper (11/12 F) Amelia F. Gaskin (24 F)
Ship:  Henry G. King 42
7 Aug 1848 Rum Key, Bahamas to Philadelphia Andrew McKinsey (40 M)
Andrew McKinsey
(10 M)Mary Culpeper (14 F) Julia Culpeper (10 F)
Andrew McKinsey: Merchant
The McKinseys were citizens of Demarara and the Culpepers citizens of the USA
Ship:  Huntress
42
15 Jul 1850 West Indies to Boston Francis Culpeper (28), Merchant (#9113) Port of Departure: Yarmouth, Nova Scotia;
Ship: Schooner Eagle. 23
27 Sep 1869 Barbados to NYC Wm Culpepper, 20, M, Clerk Citizen of Barbados intending to inhabit Australia.
Ship: Golden Fleece 45
14 Jul 1871 Barbados to NYC Charles Culpeper, 18, M Citizen of Barbados intending to inhabit the USA.
Ship: James Welsh 45
21 May 1872 Rio de Janerio, Brazil to NYC Marcey Culpeper, 23, M Citizen of the US
Ship: North America 45
11 Jul 1878 Barbados to NYC A. L. Culpeper, 21, M, Gentleman Ship: Annie Bell 45
22 May 1882 Windward Islands to NYC John Culpeper, 27, M
George Culpeper
, 24, M
Both had no occupation and were citizens of Barbados destined for the Cape of Good Hope
Ship: Bermuda 45
12 May 1883 West Indies to NYC Rev. C. C. Culpeper, 52, M, Clergyman
Mrs. C. C. Culpeper, 45, F
Both were citizens of England and had an ultimate destination of England
Ship: Freja 45
13 May 1887 From Brazil, Barbados and St. Thomas to NYC Chas E. Culpeper, 34, M, Merchant
Miss E. Culpeper, 8, F
Both were citizens of the US with an ultimate destination of the US.
Ship: Advance 45
25 Sep 1890 West Indies to NYC John F. Culpeper, 35, M, Merchant Citizen of Barbados
Ship: Trinidad 45
7 May 1914 Port Antonio, Jamaica to Philadelphia Sinclair Culpepper (3, M, sng, born in NYC 1891)(#42495) US Address: 100 W 134th St, NYC
Ship: Bella
42
3 Apr 1920 Liverpool, England to Philadelphia Irwin Culpepper, 21, M, sng, Messman (#42500)
Seymour Culpepper, 24, M, md, Cook (#42298)
Sydney Culpepper, 32, M, md, Steward (#42494)
All three were crew members who were citizens of the B. W. Indies and whose residence was 9 W 137th St, NYC
Ship: Haverford
42
3 May 1920 148 W. 73 St.
New York City
Edward Sinclair Culpeper (Father of the crew member reflected in the Ellis Island records.) Petitioned for naturalization 25
9 May 1935 Buenos Aires, Argentina to NYC Bernard Armel Culpeper, 39, M, Md,  Engineer
Jean MacCaullay Culpeper, 34, F, Md
Bernard Leroy Culpeper (6-M-Sng)
All of English Race and Citizens of Canada, Father born in Barbados, Wife and Child born in Canada
Ship: Southern Cross 45
29 Jun 1935 Three week cruise out and back in to NYC Charles E. Culpeper, 61, M, Md, born 11 May 1874 in Gordon Co., GA
Daphne S. Culpeper, 44, F, Md, born4 Feb 1891 in Middletown, NY
Residence: 431 East 165th St, NYC
Ship: Volendam 45
26 Mar 1936 San Juan Puerto Rico to Philadelphia Sallye Culpepper, F, md, born 4 Aug 1888 in Brinkleyville, NC; Residence: Pullen Park Terrace, Raleigh, NC
Ship: Barbara
42
10 Dec 1936 Hamburg, Germany to NYC Charles Culpeppen, 37, M, height: 5' 10"
Crew Member not on final trip to US
Citizen of the US
Ship: Washington 45
6 Jul 1937 Southampton, England to NYC Charles Culpeper, 63, M, Md, born 11 May 1874 in Gordon Co., GA
Daphne Culpeper, 41, F, Md, born4 Feb 1896 in Middletown, NY
Residence: Wolfpit Rd, Westport Av, Norwalk, Connecticut
Ship: Ile de France 45
7 Jul 1938 San Juan, Puerto Rico to NYC Carmen Culpeper, 48, F, Widow, Housewife, Speaks Spanish. Citizen of Gt. Britain, Race: West Indies. Born in Jayuya, Puerto Rico. Legal Residence: Puerto Rico. Last permanent residence: Mayaguez, Puerto Rico
Ship: San Jacinto 45

Also See Ellis Island Records

1   Boyer, Carl, 3rd, Editor. Ship Passenger Lists, National & New England. Newhall, California: 1977. p. 146.

2   Immigrants to the New World, 1600s-1800s, "Passengers to America, Two Early Passenger Lists, 1635-1637". Family Tree Maker CD170, pp 112-113.

3   Nugent, Nell Marion, Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, Vol. I, Patent Book 2, Indexed by Claudia B. Grundman. Richmond, Virginia: Virginia State Library, 1977, p. 171.

4   Nugent, op. cit., Vol. I, Patent Book 3, p. 242.

5  Skordas, Gust, editor. The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1968. 525p. Repr. 1986. p. 118.

6   Nugent, op. cit., Vol. I, Patent Book 5, p. 455.

7  The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776, (PRO: E190/50/1, 50/2).

8   Nugent, op. cit., Vol. I, Patent Book 4, p. 430.

9   Nugent, op. cit., Vol. I, Patent Book 5, p. 523.

10 Nugent, op. cit., Vol. II, Patent Book 6, p. 23.

11 Ibid., p. 90.

12 John West to Lord Ashley, 2 March 1670/71 in Collections of the South Carolina Historical Society, vol. 5, The Shaftesbury Papers, (Charleston: South Carolina Historical Society, 1897), p. 266-267.

13 Sauley, A. S., Ed., Warrants for Lands in South Carolina 1672-1679 (Columbia: Historical Commission of S.C., 1910), pp 16, 53, 54.

14 Baldwin, Agnes Leland. First Settlers of South Carolina 1670-1700. Easley, South Carolina, Southern Historical Press, 1985. p. 64.

15 Stanard, William Glover. Some Emigrants to Virginia:  Memoranda in Regard to Several Hundred Emigrants to Virginia during the Colonial Period Whose Parentage is Shown or Former Residence Indicated by Authentic Records. Richmond (Va.): Bell Book and Stationery Company, 1911. 2nd ed., enl., 1915. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1983, p. 27.

16 The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776. (PRO: E190/84/1).

17 Nugent, op. cit., Vol. II, page 93; and Patent Book 7, p. 221

18 Coldham, Peter Wilson. English Convicts in Colonial America. v1: Middlesex New Orleans: Polyanthos, 1974-76. p. 69.

19 Coldham. Peter Wilson. Bonded Passengers to America. Baltimore: GPC, Vol 2, Middlesex. . p. 69.

20 The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776.

21 Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index. North Salt Lake, UT AIS Intn'l., 1986. 290p. p. 61

22 Passenger & Immigration Lists: Boston, 1821-1850, Family Tree Maker's Family Archives, Broderbund CD #256, National Archives Microfilm Source: Series M277, Roll 11.

23 Passenger & Immigration Lists: Boston, 1821-1850, Microfilm Source: Series M277, Roll 35.

24 Sparks, Lyla, comp. Atlantic Ports, Gulf Coasts, and Great Lakes Passenger Lists, 1820-71. (database online) Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000-. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration. Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-73, Microfilm # 575, Roll # 1. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1820-73.

25 New York Naturalization Petition Index, 1907-24. Ancestry.com

26 Marine List, New-York Advertiser, New York, New York County, New York, Friday, June 4, 1830

27 Sparks, Lyla, comp. Atlantic Ports, Gulf Coasts, and Great Lakes Passenger Lists, 1820-73, Roll 2.(database online) Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2001-. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration, Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-73, Microfilm #575, Roll # 2. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1820-73

28 Sparks, Lyla, comp. Atlantic Ports, Gulf Coasts, and Great Lakes Passenger Lists, Roll 5: 1820 - 1873.(database online) Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2001-. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration, Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-73, Microfilm #575, Roll # 5. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1820-73

29 Sparks, Lyla, comp. Atlantic Ports, Gulf Coasts, and Great Lakes Passenger Lists, Roll 6: 1820-1863(database online). Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2003. Original data: National Archives and Records Administration, Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-1863, Microfilm #575, Roll # 6. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1820-1863.

30 Sparks, Lyla, comp. Atlantic Ports, Gulf Coasts, and Great Lakes Passenger Lists, Roll 7: 1820-1835 (database online). Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2003. Original data: Copies of Lists of Passengers Arriving at Miscellaneous Ports on the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts and at Ports on the Great Lakes, 1820-1873 (National Archives Microfilm Publication M575, roll 7); Records of the U.S. Customs Service, Record Group 036; National Archives Building, Washington, D. C.

31 Whitley, Caroline B., comp. North Carolina Headrights: A List of Names, 1663-1744, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 2001, page 89.

32 Ibid., page 90.

33 Ibid., page 169.

34 Brandow, James C., Omitted Chapters from Hotten's Original Lists of Persons of Quality...and Others Who Went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700: Census Returns, Parish Registers, and Militia Rolls from the Barbados Census of 1679/80. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1982. p. 5

35 Ibid., page 205.

36 Ibid., page 123.

37 Ibid., page 242.

38 Greer, George Cabell. Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666. Richmond (Va.): W.C. Hill Printing Company, 1912, 376p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1978. Repr. 1982., page 85.

39 Brandon, op. cit., page 5.

40 Settlers Of Maryland 1679 - 1783. Consolidated Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 2002, page 160

41 Nottingham, Stratton, Certificates and Rights, Accomack County, Virginia, 1663-1709. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield Company, Inc., 1997, page 12.

42 Ancestry.com. Philadelphia Passenger Lists, 1800-1945 [database online]. Provo, Utah: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2006. Original data: (1) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1883-1945. Micropublication T840. RG085. Rolls # 1-181. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
(2) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1800-1882. Micropublication M425. RG036. Rolls # 1-108. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

43 Bentley, Elizabeth P., Passenger Arrivals at the Port of NY, 1830-1832. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2000.

44 Bentley, Elizabeth P., Passenger Arrivals at the Port of NY, 1820-1829. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1999.

45 Ancestry.com. New York Passenger Lists [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2005. Original data:
(1) New York. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897. Micropublication M237. Rolls # 95-580. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
(2) New York. Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1897-1957. Micropublication T715. Rolls # 5592-6267. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
(Note on 9 Sep 2006: The Culpeper and other variant spellings have been entered above, but there are still 31 Culpeppers who have not been transcribed)

From The Complete Book of Emigrants, 1607-1776
By Peter Coldham

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10 May 1664 - 30 June 1664. Shippers by the Defence, Mr. John Webber, bound from London for New England: Benjamin Hewling, John Newell, Humphrey Hodges, Thomas Parris, James Fassett, John Fullerton, Sir William Peake, Robert Davies, Robert Knight, John Winder, Henry Culpeper, John Culpeper. (PRO: E190/50/1, 50/2).

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12 December 1671. Depositions by Dame Elizabeth Culpeper of Grays Inn Lane, London, aged 55, relict of Sir Cheny Culpeper, and Ralph Freeke Esq, aged 75, of the Middle Temple, London, that John Clark of London, merchant, went to Virginia some years ago and was killed by a falling tree on Middle Plantation at York River. He owned plantations and stock in Virginia at the time of his death. He was reputed to be the son of Sir John Clark of Wrotham, Kent, and the younger and only brother of Sir William Clark. The sole heir of the said John Clark of Virginia is therefore his nephew, John Clark Esq. of Wrotham, son of the said Sir William Clark. (LMCD).

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19 June 1678. Petition of Thomas Gould, John Jeffreys, Alexander Culpeper, George Richards, Edward Carter, Henry Meese, Thomas Lane, James Tubb, Micajah Perry and Thomas Sands for payment of bills of exchange issued by the Treasury of Virginia. (APC).

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27 November 1679-6 December 1679. Shippers by the Dorothy, Mr. John More, bound from London for Virginia: Richard Buller, Micajah Perry, John Culpeper. (PRO: E190/84/1).

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11 December 1679. Shipper by the Oxford frigate, Captain Mason, bound from London for Virginia: Lord Culpeper. (PRO: E190/84/1).

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25 August 1681-5 September 1681. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. John Conset, bound from London for Virginia: Thomas Parker, Elizabeth Dunch, Edward Carter, Arthur North, Joseph Pile. (PRO: E190/99/1).

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22 September 1682-22 October 1682. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. Christopher Morgan, bound from London for Virginia: Micajah Perry, Mary Lucas. (PRO: E190/106/1, 132/1).

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28 August 1683-7 September 1683. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. Christopher Morgan, bound from London for Virginia: John Plover, James Harris, Micajah Perry. (PRO: E190/115/1).

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4-21 August 1684. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. Christopher Morgan, bound from London for Virginia: John Plover, Micajah Perry. (PRO: E190/124/1).

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4 August 1685-3 October 1685. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. Christopher Morgan, bound from London for Virginia: Francis Wheeler, Micajah Perry. (PRO: E190/126/5).

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October 1685. Probate of will of George Read of Whitechapel, Middlesex, who died on the ship Culpeper in Virginia. (AW).

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25 August 1686. Shippers by the Culpeper, Mr. Christopher Morgan, bound from London for Virginia: Francis Wheeler, John Constantine. (PRO: E190/139/1)

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September 1751. Margaret Culpeper sentenced to transportation & transported (from) Greyhound. Middlesex.

  Last Revised: 10 Aug 2011

 
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