Edgefield Co
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South Carolina Culpepper Archives
Edgefield District/County

History

In the west central South Carolina part of the Piedmont region, Edgefield County was formed in 1785 from Ninety-six District. In 1798, it was designated Edgefield District, and in 1868 it was redesignated Edgefield County. Parts of Edgefield later went to form Aiken (1871), Aiken (1895), Greenwood (1897), and McCormick (1916) counties. This part of the upcountry, settled in the late eighteenth century, was the site of several Revolutionary War skirmishes. Although primarily agricultural, Edgefield County developed a thriving pottery industry in the nineteenth century; the old alkaline-glazed Edgefield pottery is highly sought after today. Its county seat, the town of Edgefield, is on US-25, about 25 miles north of Augusta, GA, and 50 miles WSW of Columbia. Edgefield County is bordered by the South Carolina counties of McCormick, Greenwood, Saluda and Aiken, and the Georgia counties of Richmond and Columbia.

Newspaper:
The Edgefield Advertiser, The Augusta Chronicle, Augusta, GA

Any names below in red have not been matched with a person in the Culpepper family tree. If you can identify any of them, please let us know.

Census Records

1790 US Census

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No Culpeppers were found.

1800 US Census

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Unknown Townships, Edgefield District, SC
Benjamin Culpepper, page 133, 2 M10-16, 1 M16-26, 1 M26-45, 4 F0-10, 1 F10-16, 1 F16-26, 1 F26-45, 8 slaves (#5760)

1810 US Census

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Unknown Township, Edgefield District, SC
Benjamin Culpepper, page 70, 1 M26-45, 1 M45+, 1 F0-10, 1 F45+, 8 slaves (#5760)

1820 US Census

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Unknown Townships, Edgefield District, SC
Daniel Culpepper, page 127, 1 M16-26, 1 F0-10, 1 F16-26, 0 slaves (#32058)
Drury Culpepper, page 120, 2 M0-10, 1 M10-16, 1 M26-45, 2 F0-10, 1 F10-16, 1 F26-45, 1 slave (#5768)
Joicy Culpepper, page 83, 1 M45+, 1F16-26, 1 F45+, 7 slaves (#5762)

1830 US Census

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Unknown Townships, Edgefield District, SC
Drewry
Culpepper,  page 164,  1 M0-5, 1 M5-10, 2 M15-20, 1 M40-50, 1 F0-5, 2 F5-10, 1 F15-20, 1 F20-30, 1 F40-50, 0 slaves (#5768)

Joisey Culpepper, page 165, 1 M20-30, 1 F20-30, 1 F50-60, 8 slaves (#5762)

1840 US Census

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Unknown Townships, Edgefield District, SC
Joisey
Culpepper, page 61, 1 M20-30, 1 F20-30, 1 F60-70, 11 slaves (#5762)

1850  - 1870 US Censuses

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No Caucasian Culpeppers were found.

1880 US Census

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Blocker, Page 50D, Edgefield Co., SC
John Starks, Self, M, W, Black, 48, Farmer, SC/SC/SC
Nancy Culpepper, Mother, F, W,
Black, 68, Housekeeping, SC/SC/SC
Charles Miller, SSon, M, S, Black, 19, Laborer, SC/SC/SC
Randol Anthony, SSon, M, S, Black, 8, N/A, SC/SC/SC

1890 US Census

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The 1890 census was burned in Washington.

1900  - 1930 US Censuses

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No Caucasian Culpeppers were found.

Births

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No records of any Culpepper births have been found.

Deeds

Abstracted from LDS microfilms 23876 – 23888 by Lew Griffin unless otherwise noted. 

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1 Jun 1797 – Edgefield Deed Bk 16, p. 193-198 – Sheriff Joseph Culpeper to Richard Boland, merchant of Columbia, Richland County, Camden District. Sheriffs Titles, 24 February 1797, Jacob Richman in his lifetime of Orangeburgh District seized of land containing by original survey 100 acres on Flat Spring branch of Clouds Creek, originally granted to James Cummings and by him conveyed to John McCartey; from him to Jacob Richman. Jacob Richman in his lifetime being indebted to Llewellen Threewitts in sum of £22.18, sd Llewellen Threewitts for recovery of sd sum commenced action against Richard Bolan admr of sd Jacob Richman in which action Llewellen Threewitts in November Term 1791 at Orangeburg recovered against sd Richard Bolan admr the sum and damages sustained by reason of nonperformance. Judgment at Orangeburgh 13 May 1791 directed Sheriffs to sell goods chattels and real estate of sd Richard Bolan admr of sd Jacob Richman. Sheriff Joseph Culpeper sold sd 100 acres 1 January 1792 unto Richard Bolan for £4.10 sterling. Wit Charles Williamson, William Smart. /s/ Joseph Culpeper Late Sheriff. Proven Camden District, Richland County, 5 December 1798 by Charles Williamson, J Goodwyn JRC. Recorded 8 Jan 1799. (abstracted by Carol Wells) (#13518)√

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18 Jun 1801, Edgefield Deed Bk 22, pp. 12-14 -- William Moore to Major Thomas Butler. Deed, 18 June 1801, £50.10 sterling, 150 acres on north side of Pen Creek of Little Saluda River bounded S on Loderrick Hill, N on Benjamin Culpepper. SE by William Sudeth and John Gorman Senr; warrant all but ten acres of sd tract lying at upper end where the line crosses the Charleston Road next to Richardsons. Also 30 acres being part of old survey by John['? Richard Lewis to John Lewis and from John Lewis to John Douglass. lying on Pen Creek joining land of John Gorman. William Suddith, Lodwick Hill, which thirty acres I only defend from myself, heirs and assigns. If the thirty acres should he taken away by an older right, sd William Moore is not bound to make any thereof good. Wit Geo B Moore, William Spragins. /s/ William Moore. Proven 25 March 1802 by William Spragins; Wm Nibbs J.Q. Rec 25 March 1802. (abstracted by Carol Wells) (#5760)√

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7 Feb 1803, Edgefield Deed Bk 26, p. 190 – Jeremiah Trotter to John Poots, for Two Hundred Dollars, One hundred fifty acres situate on the waters of Big and Little Saluda rivers, bounding SE & SW on Foshee, SE on Neilson (illegible), NW & NE on Toles, NW of Elliss, SW on Thomas Schurry, originally granted unto sd Jeremiah Trotter in 1788.  Witnesses: Richard Tear, Benjamin Culpeper. /s/ Jeremiah (T) Trotter.  Justice Arthur Simkins certifies the relinquishment of dower by Mary Trotter the wife of Jeremiah Trotter, 7 February 1803; /s/ Mary (x) Trotter.  Proven 17 August 1805 by Richard Tear; Gideon Christian, J. P. (abstracted by Carol Wells) (#5760)√

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19 Mar 1805, Edgefield Deed Bk 25, p. 300 – James Foy, eldest son and heir at law of Peter Foy decd, to his brother William Foy, Deed of Gift, 19 Mar 1905, love and affection, fifty acres upon Red Bank Creek of Little Saluda River, it being part of land originally surveyed and actually possessed by sd Peter Foy decd many years previous to th war between Britain and America, sd fifty acres adj land of Daniel Brown, Benjamin Culpepper, Spring Branch.  Witnessess: Henry Pope, John Harvy. /s/ James Foy.  Proven 19 Mar 1805 by John Harvy, John Pope J. Q.  Rec. 25 Mar 1805 (abstracted by Carol Wells) (#5760)√

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18 Dec 1811 – Edgefield Deed Bk 31, page 69 (original Bk H H) -- This indenture made this 18th Day of December in the year of our Lord one Thousand eight hundred and eleven and of the American Independence the thirty sixth.  Between Benjamin Culpeper (#5760√) of the one part and George Strother (#47863√) of the other part of the game District and State aforesaid.

WHEREAS the said Benjamin Culpepper is desirous of making some fixed and permanent arrangement as to his property and estate, and thereby to make provision for his wife Joyce Culpeper (#5762√), his daughter Joyce Culpeper  (#5776√) and the, aforementioned George Strother, and that no event accident or occurrences may frustrate and defeat the mind, will and intention of the said Benjamin Culpeper in all and singular or any part and parcell of the provisions in this Deed contemplated, he hath resolved, an determined to divest himself of all the property interest and estate herein after mentioned, and so vest the whole and every part thereof in the said George Strother for the uses, intents and purposes herein aftermentioned. –

NOW this INDENTURE WITNESSETH That in pursuance of the fixed purpose and intention of the said Benjamin Culpeper, and also for and in consideration of one Dollar and Twenty five Cents to she said Benjamin Culpeper by the said George well and truly paid at and before the sealing and delivery of their presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged, and for divers other causes and considerations specially moving the said Benjamin thereto, hath ,granted, bargained and sold and by their presents Both grant bargain and sell unto the said George Strother the following Negros, namely Jacob, Dublin, Nammy, Lydia, Peter and Morrice and all and every of their issues and also four of my best and most valuable Horses, my Waggon and gear, and all of my Household and kitchen furniture all my my Plantation Tolls, the one half of my Stock of Cattle, Sheep and Hogs so have and to hold all and singular the Negros and other property aforementioned so the said George Strother his Heirs and so and for and upon the several uses trusts and purposes and subject so the several limitations and agreements hereinafter mentioned, limited, expressed and declared of and concerning the same. The said Benjamin Culpeper excuses and reserves so himself the right and privilege (if he shall wish so claim and exercise the same) so keep in his own custody forever and possession during his natural life, all and singular the aforementioned Negros and other property, and so use employ and control the same, so enjoy and have during his natural life the profits and advantages of she same; but not to sell or dispose of the same or any part thereof without the consent of she said George Strother. - And she said Benjamin Culpeper further stipulates and provides that if his wife Joyce Culpeper shall outlive him the said Benjamin and in that case the said Joyce shall be permitted so choose the four Horses from my stock of horses then on hand - that the one full half or share of my Cattle, Hogs, Sheep all of my Household and kitchen furniture, and Plantation Tools shall be ascertained by the judgment and decision of three disinterested persons one to be chosen by my wife, one by the said George Strother and one by the children which I had by my former wife - And that the division shall have been fully ascertained in manner aforementioned then immediately shall the said George make and execute to the said Joyce my wife a Deed for all the aforementioned Negros and their issue and the said four horses and the waggon and gear, and the said one half or share of all my stock of Hogs, C
attle Sheep, and all of my household and kitchen furniture, and Plantation Tools to her and her Heirs forever to dispose of the same as she thinks prudent and proper.  And it is further provided that during the lifetime of the said Benjamin and before the execution of the said Deed from the said George Strother to the said Joyce Culpeper she the said Joyce has full ower and right to sell will or otherwise dispose of all or any of the aforementioned property subject however to life estate of the said Benjamin Culpeper. AND lastly it is provided that if the said Joyce Culpeper should die intestate without having made any disposition of the aforementioned property then it is expressly understood and provided that the same and all and every part thereof be equally divided between my Daughter Joyce Culpeper and the said George Strother the Trustee named in this case them and their Heirs forever.
IN WITNESS whereof we have mutally hereunto set our hands and affixed our Seals the day and year above written.


Benjamin Culpepper
(signed by one that wrote deed)
George S. Strother
Signed, Sealed and Delivered in the presence of James Spann and David Richardson


SOUTH CAROLINA, Edgefield District – Before me personally appeared David Richardson and made oath on the holy Evangist of Almighty God that he was present and saw the within named Benjamin Culpepper and George S. Strother sign the within instrument of writing for the purposes therein mentioned and say James Spann sign with himself as witness thereunto.  David Richardson

Sworn before me 30th March 1812, John Blocker, S. Q., Clerks Office, Edgefield District
Recorded in my office in Book H H page 69 and examined this 30th Mary 1812.  S. Butler, Reg. E. D. (contributed, abstractor unknown)

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Mar 1812, Edgefield Deed Bk 39
    Page 356 – Benjamin Culpepper to George J. Strother for $300, land in Lexington District on Halland’s Sheds Creek on waters of the Broad River, 183 acres bordering George Strother, Jacob Bookman.  Signed: Benjamin & Joyce Culpepper.  Witnesses: David Richardson, James Spann
    Page 357 – Joyce & Benjamin Culpepper to George J. Strother for $150, a tract in Lexington District, 56 acres on the waters of the Saluda River, bordering Clemmons, etc.  Witnesses: David Richardson, James Spann
    Page 359 – Joyce & Benjamin Culpepper to George J. Strother for $600, a tract on Hollands Shed Creek, 261 acres bounded on all sides by vacant land.  Witnesses: David Richardson, James Spann
    Page 360 – Benjamin & Joyce Culpepper to George J. Strother for $100 (not sure of amount), a tract in Lexington District on a road from Drehrs Mill, on branch waters of the Saluda River, 20 acres, bordering Clemmons.  Witnesses: David Richardson, James Spann (#5760, 5762, 47863)√

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Sep 1813, Edgefield Deed Bk 31, p. 481 – Lemuel Munson bound to Joseph Culpepper of Abbeville District for $350 to assure to Culpepper title to a tract of 220 acres in Edgefield District bordering Frederick Slappey, Henry Shelnut, Thomas Berry, William Thornton & lands belonging to the estate of David Cunningham.  Munson to pay off a note given to John Slappey for $350 next January then the bond will be null and void.  Witness: William Glover (#5760)√

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Apr 1814, Edgefield Deed Bk 31, p. 515 – Richard A. Rapley, Commissioner of Equity Court, Abbeville District, to Benjamin Culpepper for $1,000, 500 acres as granted to Daniel Ravenal & Robert Larry on the headwaters of Mine Creek and waters of Saluda River, of the Congaree & Santee Rivers, bordering at the time of survey John Cotton & Joseph Davis and most recently the land of George Youngblood, dec’d.  Witnesses: Eldred Jenkins, J. M. Butler (#5760)√

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Jul 1817, Edgefield Deed Bk 34, p. 145 – Benjamin Culpepper to Jonathan Weaver, three tracts of land, 500 acres, including 150 acres granted to Robert Lang, 26 Jan 1773; two tracts granted to David Ravenal Jr., one of 150 acres, the other of 200 acres, on the waters of Mine Creek, waters of Little Saluda, bordered by William Herrin, Reuben Kirkland, William Martin, Benjamin Loveless, Ogdell Cockcoff, Andrew Gomillon.  Joyce Culpepper gives consent.  Witnesses: Thomas Dozier, Benjamin Suddath. (#5760, 5762)√

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Jun 1819, Edgefield Deed Bk 36, p. 106 – Drury Culpepper & Lettice his wife, Preston Gilder & Polly his wife, with James Shepperd & Joyce his wife, are in debt to Jonathan Weaver for $5000 bond to insure that above parties do not interfere with the sale of land by Drury Culpepper to J. Weaver.  Witness: Lewis Suddath. (#5768, 5773, 5770, 5765, 5777, 5776)√

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Feb 1823, Edgefield Deed Bk 43, p. 322 – John Culpepper to Josiah Langley Sr. for $800, the tract “where I live” as granted to George Shelnut, 144 acres on Cuffeetown Creek and waters of Stephens Creek and Savannah River, adjoining said Josiah Langley and the heirs of Robert Bell.  Witnesses: James Harrison, Mathew Rhodes.  Nancy Culpepper gives consent. (#31566, 32056, 31584)√

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Apr 1823, Edgefield Deed Bk 40, p. 294 – William Foy to Joyce Culpepper for $125, 62.5 acres on an unnamed creek & waters of Little Saluda River, part of 500 acres granted to Daniel Brown bordering Joyce Culpepper, Hugh Neely (#5762)√

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Jan 1824, Edgefield Deed Bk 40, p. 250 – A suit of fieri facias: land of William Coursey to Drury Culpepper, 200 acres bordering Thomas Dozier, Thompsons, Wards & Jacob Tomlins – Benjamin Joiner sold land to Coursey in 1806 for $56.  Witnesses: Tutt & White (#5768)√

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Jan 1826, Edgefield Deed Bk 45, p. 30 – John Culpepper, Catherine Culpepper, William Bell, Robert Bell, Margaret Bell & Mary Bell, for $651, 144 acres to William H. Buffington, a tract where Barbary Bell formerly lived, as granted to George Shelnut, on Cuffeetown Creek bordering Josiah Langley’s Mill, Elijah Harding, Benjamin Hasting, George McDuffy.  Witnesses: Hugh Mosely, Henry Shelnut.  Catherine Culpepper, Mary Ann Bell give consent. (#32054, 32055, 32056, 32057)√

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Feb 1830, Edgefield Deed Bk 44, p. 296 – Drury Culpepper to Henry C. Turner for $200, 270 acres on the waters of Mill Creek, Herrens Creek & Savannah River, formerly owned by William Coursey, bordering John Ward, Thomas Dozier, esquire, Larkin Baker, and Wilson Kemp.  Witnesses: Samuel Harling, Vincent Corley (#5768)√

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Mar 1834, Edgefield Deed Bk 46, p. 438 – Jesse Jay Sr. to Joicy Culpepper, 375 acres which belonged to David Pitts dec’d, bounded by Joyce Culpepper, Caty Foy, lands granted to John Spann Sr., Denny’s, formerly Ward’s & S. W. Bowie.  Witnesses: Samuel W. Bowie, David Strother.  Mary Jay gives consent. (#5762, 47871)√

bulletMay 1836, Edgefield Deed Bk 47, p. 533 – Samuel W. Bowie to Joyce Culpepper for $12 (deed nearly illegible on microfilm)  Witnesses: John Wooten, Bethena Dozier. (#5762)√

Marriages

Edgefield Co., SC Marriages, 1769-1880: Implied in Edgefield Probate Records

Barbara R. Langdon, 1990, FHL US/CAN Book 975.737 V2L

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Benjamin Culpepper and Mary Mason, Lived 1822 (Box 20, Pack 706, Frames 104)
(#5769)√

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Joseph R. Culpepper and ___ Geiger, Lived 1838 (Box 16, Pack 561, Frames 057)
(#31567)√

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___ Culpepper and Cha* Nickerson, Lived 1841 (Box 34, Pack 1279, Frames 381)

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___ Culpepper and James Sheppard, Lived 1837 (Box 34, Pack 1279, Frames 382, 383, 387)
(#5776)√

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Frances Culpepper and ___ Jumphard, Lived 1837 (Box 34, Pack 1279, Frames 382, 383)

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Mary Culpepper and ___ Gilder, Lived 1837 (Box 34, Pack 1279, Frames 382, 383)
(#5765)√

Edgefield (SC) Marriage Records
From the late 18th century up through 1870

Carlee T. McClendon, Columbia, SC: R. L. Bryan Co., 1970
(Repository: Old Edgefield District Genealogical Society Library,
Call# F277.E2 C7M2 M4)

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Mary Culpepper and Preston Gilder, 4 Jan 1801, Edgefield District, SC
(#5765)√

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Nicholas Stallworth and Mary Adams (d/o John Adams of Edgefield), 1798, Edgefield District, SC (#47213)√

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Mark Travis (s/o Barrett and Elizabeth DeLoach Travis) and Jemima Stallworth (d/o William Stallworth, Sr.), 1 Jan 1808, Edgefield District, SC (#45195)√

Social Security Death Index (SSDI)

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No records of any Culpepper deaths have been found in the SSDI.

Burials

Strother-Sheppard Cemetery

Edgefield District
Source: Message Board Post to ADAIR-L@rootsweb.com

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Benjamin Culpepper III, born bt 1755-1765, died 10 Jan 1829 (#5760)

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Joyce Powell Culpepper, 1 Feb 1801 - 10 Feb 1824 (#5776)

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Joyce Powell Sheppard, 29 Dec 1770 - 24 Feb 1841 (#5762)

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George James Strother, 13 Apr 1791 - 18 Oct 1817 (#47863)

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Jeanette Strother, 3 Mar 1794 - 23 Jan 1795 (# 47864)

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William Augustus Strother, 16 Feb 1766 - 18 Aug 1794 (#5871)

Estate Records

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Catherine Travis Pope, died 1814 in Red Bank, Edgefield District, SC (#50467)

Places

If you have a photograph or more information on any of these, or in particular, if you know which Culpepper a place may have been named for, please contact us

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No Culpepper-named or related places have been found.

Last Revised: 26 Jan 2006

 
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