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Historical Culpeppers

Historical documents, treatises, biographies, theories and debunked legends concerning the early Colepepers and Culpepers of England, Barbados and Virginia. 

British Researcher Wanted. We are interested in retaining a professional genealogist in London to research 16th and 17th  century Culpepers. For details, please contact Warren Culpepper (warren@culpepper.com).

Contents

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Names Variations: Colepeper vs. Culpeper vs. Culpepper

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Origin of the Colepeper Name

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Culpeper Coat of Arms.

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18th and 19th Century Wartime Service

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Scholarly  Treatises

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Historical Documents

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Index to Notable Biographies in the Family Tree

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Archival Records

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Theories

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Legends

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Paintings, Plaques, Manors and Monuments

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Early English Wills

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The Culpeper-owned Ships. 17th Century ships believed to have been owned by Culpeper family members and which sailed between England and the Colonies.

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The Culpeper Flag, Navy Jack and a WW-II Ship. Information on the Culpeper Minutemen Flag, the Culpeper Navy Jack (Ensign), and the Culpeper (PC 1240) WW-II Submarine Chaser

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Fictional Culpeppers (Pop Culture)

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Medieval English Genealogy. An external web site designed to provide resources for those tracing medieval English genealogy up to about 1600. 

18th and 19th Century Wartime Service

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Culpeppers in the American Revolution

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The Culpeper Minutemen: The Minute Battalion of Culpeper County, Virginia, 1775 - 1776

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Culpeppers in the War of 1812

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Culpeppers in the Indian, Mexican and Spanish-American Wars

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Culpeppers in the Civil War

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John Wesley Culpepper's Civil War Diary: "Notes of the Travels of the Echols Guards In the War of 1861 with the Old United States of America"

Scholarly Treatises

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The Sussex Colepepers. A two volume work on the early Colepepers (Culpepers) in England during the period of 1170-1700. By Col. F. W. T. Attree (1904-1905).

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Proprietors of the Northern Neck. The early Culpepers in England and Virginia during the period of 1475-1800. By Fairfax Harrison (1926).

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Culpeper's Rebellion (1667-1679). An uprising in northern Carolina, involving John Culpeper of Albemarle, sometimes referred to as the Carolina Rebel. Written as a Master's thesis by William Smith (1990).

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Abduction: An Alternative Form of Courtship? A paper written by Julia Pope, M.A. and presented at the International Medieval Congress, Kalamazoo. MI, May 2003. Based upon the 15th century abduction of the Wakehurst sisters by the Culpeper brothers.
Prior to 30 Jun 2011, this paper is available here. Afterwards, the paper will be relocated to the family tree and found on the page for Margaret Wakehurst Culpeper.

Historical Documents

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The Second Virginia Charter, 23 May 1609. Shows Thomas Culpeper of Wigsell, Esquire, and John Culpeper, gentleman, being among a group of "Adventurers" (Investors) involved in the First Virginia Colony (Jamestown). 

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The Third Virginia Charter, 12 Mar 1612.  Shows as adventurers, Sir Edward Culpeper, Knight; Sir Wareham St. Leger, Knight; John Culpeper, and Robert Peake.

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God's Wrecking Crew. A 1909 sermon given to fellow church ministers by noted Methodist Evangelist, Rev. John Butler Culpepper.

Archival Records

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Immigrants

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Eastern Shore, VA

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Northern Neck, VA

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Albemarle, NC

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Norfolk, VA 1667-1724

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Norfolk, VA 1725-1749

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Norfolk, VA 1750-1774

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Norfolk, VA 1775-1799

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Norfolk, VA 1800-1825

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Norfolk, VA 1791-1807 Personal Property Tax Lists

Theories

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The Ancestral Journey to England (from 60,000 BC to 1000 AD)

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The English/New World Linkage: An outline of our working theory

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Four Johns vs. A Full House. In constructing the relationships of the Colonial Culpepers, one must sort out a variety of John Culpepers found in England and its colonies during the 17th century.

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The Culpepers of Barbados. The Culpepers in Barbados nearly all descended from a single couple, the Rev. William Culpeper and Margaret Alleyne, one or both of whom emigrated from England circa 1650 with their children.  The Bajan (Barbadian) Culpepers are the progenitors of the Colepepers of South Africa, the Culpepers of Canada, the Culpepers of Puerto Rico, and possibly the Culpepers of India and Australia. John Culpeper of Albemarle ("The Carolina Rebel") possibly descended from this family.

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The Benjamin Culpeppers of early Edgecombe County, NC. Records in early Edgecombe County, NC, show that three men named Benjamin Culpepper were living there at one time or another between the late 1730’s and the mid-1750’s. One is known to have died in 1746, since a fragment from his estate has survived. A second Benjamin died there in 1772. A third Benjamin was mentioned in a deed with the second one, in 1752, in which one was referred to as Benjamin, Sr., Ferryman, and the other, as Benjamin, Jr. The question, which has yet to be conclusively resolved, is how were these three Benjamin’s related to each other, and to Joseph Culpepper of early Edgecombe. Lew Griffin offers a his theory.
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An Analysis of the Deeds Relating to the Culpepper Tract on Fishing Creek in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. One could have hoped that the deeds for Joseph and Benjamin Culpepper’s  land on Fishing Creek would have shed some light on the identities of the various Benjamin Culpeppers in early Edgecombe. However, a crucial deed does not adequately or correctly describe the land involved.  Lew Griffin analyzes a number of pertinent deeds and explains the dilemma.

 

Legends

Not everything you've heard about your forefathers is necessarily true. Some of the more widespread myths are reviewed in the links found below.

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Four Lord Culpepers, but Not Enough Sons (1644-1725). Many modern-day Culpeppers have heard that they were descended from Lord Culpeper of Virginia. On the page in the Family Tree for Thomas, Second Lord Culpeper, we review the facts that show the claim to be a myth.

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The Apocryphal Culpeppers. A hundred year old hoax involving fanciful accounts of fictitious characters, including: John Marlo Culpepper (1633-1693), his son Thomas Fairfax Culpepper (1660-1724), his sons John Marlo Culpepper II (1692-?)(aka John Marlo Pepper) and Sam Low Culpepper (1692-1763), and his sons Charles Marion Culpepper (1739-1794) and Alfred Norman Culpepper (1742-?). If you have grafted any of these imposters into your family tree, you should call a tree surgeon.

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Irish Culpeppers. Were there any Irish Culpeppers?  We know of none. However, from time to time, we have heard researchers who believed that they descended from Culpeppers in Ireland. On our page in the family tree for David Culpepper of Laurens Co., GA, we examine one source of the misunderstanding.

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Indian Princesses and Other American Indian Stories. There are many different family stories about male Culpeppers marrying female Native Americans. Most claim descendancy from Cherokee Indians, and some even assert that the wife was an Indian Princess. But with the exception of one branch in Mississippi who is descended from Pocahontas (see link above), we have been unable to prove any linkages of Culpeppers to Native Americans.

Paintings, Plaques, Manors and Monuments

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A 1700's portrait in the  National Portrait Gallery, London. It includes:

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Thomas Culpeper, Esquire (1669-1703)

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William Culpeper, Esquire (1664-1726)

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William Hamilton (1663-1737), husband of Margaret Culpepper (1666-1736) who was the sister of Thomas and William Culpeper above. The notorious "Blue Dick" pamphlet was directed by William Culpeper to his hated brother-in-law, William Hamilton. 

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Revolutionary War Plaque in Warrenton, Warren Co., Georgia

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Impressive Monuments to English Culpepers

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English Manors and Monuments Associated with Direct Ancestors of Most American Culpeppers

Last Revised: 17 Nov 2012

 

 
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