Francis Marion Culpepper

Male, #32456, (7 Mar 1834 - 25 Jul 1862)
Father*Rev. William Henry Culpepper (17 Oct 1813 - 22 Mar 1909)
Mother*Sarah Leslie (15 Feb 1808 - 22 Jan 1849)
Extinct Surname?* The family branch headed by Francis Marion Culpepper is believed to have no living male descendants with the Culpepper surname. If you know otherwise, please contact Warren Culpepper using the link at the bottom of this page. 
Birth*7 Mar 1834 Francis was born at Upson Co., Georgia, on 7 Mar 1834. 
1840 Census1 Jun 1840 Francis was probably a free white male, age 5 and under 10,in Rev. William Henry Culpepper's household, on the 1840 Census on 1 Jun 1840 at Meriwether Co., Georgia.1 
Death of Mother22 Jan 1849 His mother Sarah Leslie died on 22 Jan 1849 at Randolph Co., Alabama
Marriage*18 Dec 1855 He married Elizabeth Emory B. Haralson at Troup Co., Georgia, on 18 Dec 1855 at age 21.2 
1860 Census*1860 Francis was listed as the head of a family on the 1860 Census at Almond, Randolph Co., Alabama. 26 m-p. 838 hh 1481. 
Birth of Son26 Oct 1860 His son Charles Capers Culpepper was born on 26 Oct 1860 at Almond, Randolph Co., Alabama
Civil War*between 1861 and 1862 He served in the War Between the States between 1861 and 1862

     Private, Co B, 37th AL. 
Death*25 Jul 1862 He died at Columbus, Lowndes Co., Mississippi, on 25 Jul 1862 at age 28. 
Biography* Francis Marion Culpepper was the third child and second son of William Henry and Sarah (Leslie) Culpepper. According to his Civil War service record, he was born in Upson Co., GA. He was presumably named for Francis Marion, the South Carolina "Swamp Fox" of Revolutionary War fame. But fairly soon after the birth of a younger brother, John Malcolm Culpepper, in 1835, Francis Marion's parents apparently moved the family to Meriwether Co., GA where Francis Marion's father, William Henry Culpepper, appears in land records in 1838. This is where Francis Marion would have been raised and, in fact, where he was noted as one of two males 5 to 10 years of age in his father's household in 1840 census records.

In 1848, when Francis Marion was 14 years old, he moved with his parents and grandparents to Alabama. Less than a year later, his mother died. A 16 year old "Francis M. Culpepper" was noted living with his father in the 1850 census of Randolph Co., AL. It is interesting to note that Francis Marion, like his father, returned to Georgia to marry. Unless he had moved out on his own after the 1850 census and was working in Troup Co., GA, he must have met his future bride through friends or church connections. Since Elizabeth Haralson's father was a minister, it is also possible that she was traveling with him when she met Francis Marion Culpepper. In any event, they married in Troup Co., GA in 1855 and returned to Randolph Co., AL to live. In the 1860 census, the couple is noted with a two year old daughter in the Almond P. O. District west northwest of Louina (now Wadley) in Randolph Co., AL.

Francis Marion Culpepper was 27 years old when the Civil War began and he, along with his brothers, joined the Confederate Army. Capos Conley "Chip" Culpepper, II, a great-great-grandson, of William Henry and Sarah (Leslie) Culpepper, obtained copies of Francis Marion's war records from the National Archives. According to "Form No 58," the "Certificate to be given a soldier at the time of his Discharge," "Francis M. Culpepper" was described as 5 feet 8 inches tall with a fair complexion, gray eyes and light hair. His occupation was listed as: farmer. On April 28, 1862, he was enlisted by Capt. J. T. Hamner at Camp Johnson, AL to serve for three years or for the duration of the war. Francis Marion served as a private in Company B of the 37th Infantry Regiment of Alabama Volunteers under Lieut. John O. Davis. May 13, 1862, the regiment was mustered into Confederate service at Auburn, AL under Col. James F. Dowdell.3 Francis Marion Culpepper never saw battle. He died at Columbus, MS less than two months later on July 25, 1862. He had earned $11 a month for two months and 28 days service for a total of $32.26. In addition, he was owed a $50 bounty and $7.65 which was the remainder of a $25.00 clothing allowance for a total of $89.91.4
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Also from Chip:
His death is noted by a fellow member of Company B, Private Benjamin Milam, in a letter written in July 1862 from the regiment's encampment near Columbus MS back home to his sweetheart, a "Miss Francis," below:

"Kind Miss, I now take the opportunity on seating myself to drop you a few lines to let you know how I am getting along. I am well at this time an (sic) hoping these lines come to find you all wellŠ I will tell you something of the helth (sic) of the company. This company s got 75 on the sick list but we hav (sic) not lost but one an (sic) that was F.M Culpper (sic). He dide (sic) July the 25thŠ"

SOURCE: Excerpt from letter of Private Benjamin Milam courtesy of Golden, Gerald T., MD, FACS; "Friends of the 37th Alabama Infantry" Newsletter; 24 Nov 1987 Vol. II No III, pg 6

From his entry dated June 19, 1862 ‹ Lieutenant Thomas Jefferson Carlisle (Company D), a diarist, who after the war became the editor of the Weekly Enterprise of Enterprise, Alabama, wrote:

"...The duties upon the regiment are very heavy, having not only to guard our own camps, but have to guard the town of Columbus. The government has a great deal of valuable property here. Several thousand sick and wounded soldiers from every State in the Confederacy are here. This place is headquarters for sick of East Louisiana and Mississippi Department of the army. Average deaths among the soldiers here runs from twenty to thirty daily. "Death is reaping the harvest of his millions" now in the armies, both by disease and the carnage of battle. Intelligence of the recent success of our arms in Virginia inspires the hearts of the Southern soldiery with hope and courage. Nothing definite has been received from the war department in regard to the recent battles which have just been fought both in Virginia and Tennessee. We are now iniated into the rules of the most rigid military discipline.

We arrived at this place with about seven hundred men able for duty and now (Thursday, June 19th, 1862) we had about two hundred on dress parade this evening, the balance of the regiment being sick..."

SOURCE: Weekly Enterprise, Thursday, July 24, 1902.5 

Family

Elizabeth Emory B. Haralson (25 May 1835 - 3 Nov 1871)
Marriage*18 Dec 1855 He married Elizabeth Emory B. Haralson at Troup Co., Georgia, on 18 Dec 1855 at age 21.2 
Children
ChartsHenry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk: DNA Status Chart (Male only, 8 generations)
John Culpepper of Randolph Co, AL: Descendant Chart
Last Edited18 Oct 2008

Citations

  1. 1840 Federal Census, United States.
    Page 123, Unk Twp, Meriwether Co., GA
    William H. Culpepper, 2 M0-5, 2 M5-10, 1 M20-30, 1 F0-5, 1 F5-10, 1 F30-40.
  2. Jordan Dodd, compiler, Georgia Marriages, 1851-1900, Online database at Ancestry.com, 2000.
    http://www.ancestry.com/search/rectype/vital/gamarr/main.htm
    Francis M. Culpepper and Elizabeth Haralson on 18 Dec 1855 in Troup Co., GA.
  3. Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Alabama (New York: Facts on File) p. 106
  4. entry for "Francis M. Culpepper" from a "Register of Claims of deceased Officers and Soldiers from Alabama which were filed for settlement in the Office of the Confederate States Auditor for the War Department National Archives" from the Confederate Archives, Chapter 10, File No. 30, p. 29 obtained from the National Archives by Capos Conley "Chip" Culpepper, II
  5. E-mail written 1998-2011 to Culpepper Connections from Capos Conley 'Chip' Culpepper II (#23339), Little Rock, AR, e-mail address.