William Culpeper of Hunton and Wigsell1

Male, #8388, (1509 - Nov 1559)
Father*Walter Culpeper of Calais and Wigsell (s 1475 - 1514)
Mother*Anne Aucher (s 1480 - c 1533)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1509 William was born at Bedgebury, Goudhurst, co. Kent, England, in 1509. 
Will14 Sep 1514 He is mentioned in the will of Walter Culpeper of Calais and Wigsell on 14 Sep 1514.2,3 
Death of Father1514 His father Walter Culpeper of Calais and Wigsell died in 1514. 
Gray's Inn*1530  In 1530,William was admitted to the Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known as Gray's Inn, one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.4 
Marriage*4 Jan 1530 He married Cicely Dingley Barrett at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England, on 4 Jan 1530. 
Birth of Son1531 His son John Culpeper of Wigsell was born in 1531 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Will4 Sep 1532 He is mentioned in the will of Anne Aucher at co. Kent, England, on 4 Sep 1532.5,6 
Death of Mothercirca 1533 His mother Anne Aucher died circa 1533. 
Birth of Son1538 His son Francis Culpeper of Greenway Court, co. Kent was born in 1538 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Birth of Son1540 His son Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc. was born in 1540 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Birth of Sonsay 1541 His son Walter Culpeper of Handborough was born say 1541 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Birth of Son1543 His son Thomas Culpeper of Wilmington, co. Sussex was born in 1543 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Birth of Soncirca 1544 His son Canon Edmund Culpeper of Lincoln was born circa 1544 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Birth of Son1545 His son Richard Culpeper of Newton Longville, co. Bucks. was born in 1545 at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Biography* William Culpeper of Hunton and Wigsell, born a youngest son, was named in his father's will (1514) as 'my sonne Willm,' with provision to be 'founde to schole.' That this injunction was carried out and that he was put through grammar school, and sent thence to London to reside at either Barnard's or Staple Inn, may be deduced from his admission to Grays Inn in 1530 (Foster, fo. 423).

This would be the year he came of age, when the deaths of his two elder brothers had already left him his father's heir. This appears both from the contemporary instrument (Harl. Charter, 76 H 12) which confirmed to William as 'son and heir' of his father the dispositions of the will of Sir John in favor of Walter; and from his mother's will two years later.

It may be that William Culpeper began life as a practising lawyer. The earliest public record of him is not in itself inconsistent with such an hypothesis. In 1538 he was included in the long list of gentlemen enrolled as 'servants' to Henry VIII's servant Thomas Cromwell, then Lord Privy Seal and at the dizzy height of his prosperity; for he was not part of the household, but one of those who were to attend only when called (L. & P. Henry V111, Xiii, pt. 2, p. 497). The patronage resulting from this service was part of the contemporary spoil of the monasteries. He had a grant of an annuity charged on the priory of Christ Church at Canterbury, and on March 10, 1538/9, the seizin of the lands of the dissolved priory of Losenham, which his Aucher ancestor had founded (ibid., xiv, pt. I, p. 224; xx, Pt. I, p. 324).

It is significant that in all these testimonies William appears only in relation to Kent. In his grant of the priory of Losenham he is, indeed, described as 'of Hunton,' while his second son was listed at Winchester College in 1553 (Kirby, Winchester Scholars, 1888, p. 132) by the same qualification. Thus it appears that on his marriage, which took place in 1530 as appears from the record of the family settlement of that year, William established himself, not at Wigsell, but in the midst of the Kentish weald, on the river Beult near its junction with the Medway. This was an eminently agreeable place of residence, but Hunton was not a Culpeper lordship. It was vested in the Wyatts of Allington (Hasted, ii, 229), a family which, like the Culpepers, later produced a Governor of Virginia.

In relation to the Wyatts, William Culpeper achieved also his next appearance in a public record: for when, in January, 1540/1, Sir Thomas Wyatt, the poet, was involved in Cromwell's downfall and for some weeks was held a prisoner in the Tower, William Culpeper was, on Wyatt's nomination, permitted by the Privy Council to have the custody of Allington Castle (L. & P. Henry V111, xvi, 229). He did not, however, persistently follow their fortunes. Whether, unlike his youthful kinsmen of Bedgebury and Aylesford, he remembered the check his family had had in the reign of Edward II, whether he had never accepted the break with Rome (three of his sons were named for saints), or whether it was merely his fortieth year which counselled prudence, William was loyal to Queen Mary's government in the crisis of 1553 and did not follow the poet's son into 'Wyatt's rebellion.' His record then was that of an active justice of the peace; at first in organizing police, and, after the danger had passed, charged with the custody of sequestered estates (Acts P. C., 1554-56) pp. 70, 85).

In the course of this last duty William moved his residence several times, which explains why his third son, Martin, was entered at Winchester (Kirby, supra) as 'of Barfriston' in east Kent. It follows that it was not until the very end of his life that William settled down at Wigsell, where he made his will.7 
Will*16 Nov 1559 He made a will on 16 Nov 1559.

I Willm Culpeper of Wigsell in the County of Sussex, Esquire. To be buried in the parish church of Salehurste, in the chapell where my good dere wife Cicely Culpeper (Cicely Dingley Barrett) doth lye. Poor householders of Bodyam 20s. £10 for a tome to sett on my grave. To reparation of Church of Newyndon £3. 6. 8. To William Grantham my seruant 20s. a yere for life. To Gybson's widow 10s. a yere for life. To Mr. Hyde scolemaster of Wynchester 30s. To Elizabeth Wilgosse (Elizabeth Culpeper) and Anne Edolf (Anne Culpeper) my daughters £5 each for a silver cup with my arms to be graven on it. To Edward Donck of Hawkherst my newe cloth gowne furred and to John Twysden my ffryce coot. Residuary legatee and Executor John Culpeper my eldest son (John Culpeper of Wigsell) and my nephew John Tufton of Hothfield Esq my overseer to whom my graye curtall geldynge. Witnesses Willm Grantham, Willm Lopham, John Webbe, George Pix, John Tufton, Marye Tufton, Symon Edolfe, Anne Edolfe, Rich. Lacheford.
     As to my lands in Sussex and Kent to John my son, my manors of Lossenham and Louedean in Kent, my m'she in Newynden called the ffryers m'she, my lands called Scotts in Sandherste and Newynden and and a yerely rent of £3 out of Walland marshe, also two parts of my manor of Wigsell in the county of Sussex in three partes divided, if the said John pay unto Fraunces Culpeper (Francis Culpeper of Greenway Court, co. Kent) my second son, Marten Culpeper (Dr. Martin Culpeper of Feckenham in Astwood, co. Worc.) my third son, Walter Culpeper (Walter Culpeper of Handborough) my fourth son, Thomas Culpeper (Thomas Culpeper of Wilmington, co. Sussex) my fifth son Edmonde Culpeper (Canon Edmund Culpeper of Lincoln) my (sixth) son £5 a year each for life, and to Richard Culpeper (Richard Culpeper of Newton Longville, co. Bucks.) my (seventh) son an annuity of £6. 13. 4. --all the above with the right of entry in default of payment on the two parts of the manor of Wigsell. My manor of Heryngden in Kent to John my son to pay my debts and legacies and if he will not to Francis and Martin my sons. Proved 6 Dec 1559 by John Colepeper executor.3 
Death*Nov 1559 He died at Salehurst, co. Sussex, England, in Nov 1559. 
Burial*Nov 1559 His body was interred in Nov 1559 at Salehurst, co. Sussex, England
Probate6 Dec 1559 Probate action was taken on William's estate on 6 Dec 1559 at co. Kent, England,

P.C.C. 61 Chaynay. 
Biography He is referenced in a biographical note for Henry Culpeper of Lower Norfolk Co., VA.8,9 

Family

Cicely Dingley Barrett (1512 - before 6 Dec 1559)
Marriage*4 Jan 1530 He married Cicely Dingley Barrett at Wigsell, Salehurst, co. Sussex, England, on 4 Jan 1530. 
Children
ChartsDiana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart (#1)
Diana, Princess of Wales: Culpeper Ancestral Chart (#2)
John Culpeper the Merchant: Ancestral Chart
The 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
LWG / Clarissa Eugenia Culpepper Griffin (Lew Griffin's gtgm): Ancestral Chart
WLC / Warren L. Culpepper Ancestral Chart
Last Edited1 Jan 2012

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2005.
    Page 249.
  3. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
    Colepepers of Wigsell, in Salehurst (pages 60-74).
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Foster, fo. 423.
  5. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
    C. Liber 15, No. 169.
  6. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 2a.
  7. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 2a, Wigsell.
  8. Warren L. Culpepper (#1942), Publisher of Culpepper Connections, See link below for e-mail address.
  9. Lewis W. Griffin Jr. (#47), e-mail address.