Sir Thomas Culpeper of Preston Hall, Knight1

Male, #8536, (1517 - 1587)
Father*John Culpeper of Preston Hall, Aylesford, Esq. (s 1494 - 1550)
Mother*Jane Whetenhall (s 1497 - )
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*1517 Thomas was born in 1517.2 
Marriage*say 1547 He married Margaret Culpeper say 1547. 
Birth of Sonsay 1549 His son Sir Thomas Culpeper of Preston Hall in Aylesford, co. Kent was born say 1549. 
Death of Father1550 His father John Culpeper of Preston Hall, Aylesford, Esq. died in 1550. 
Will14 Sep 1559 He is mentioned in the will of John Culpeper of Grays Inn, Essex at Greys Inn, co. Essex, England, on 14 Sep 1559.3,4 
Divorce*1576 He and Margaret Culpeper were divorced in 1576. 
Marriage*say 1577 He married Martine Ridge say 1577. 
Biography* On the accession of Queen Mary in July 1553, Thomas joined the rebellion with Sir Thomas Wyatt the Younger (1521-1554). Consequently, the estate of Preston was presented to Mr. Cartwright, the Deputy Sheriff. Thomas was confined in the Tower of London. He had a fellow prisoner in Thomas Fane (Sir Thomas Fane of Mereworth, co. Kent), who had married Thomas's cousin Elizabeth Culpeper (Elizabeth Culpeper).
     They appear to have been Protestant martyrs, as suggested by their inscription on the stone wall of their cell: "Be thou faithful to the end and I will give you a crown of eternal life -- 1554, T Fane, T Culpeper, of Ailsford, Kent." (A quotation from Revelation 2:10.)
     They were pardoned and Fane lived to become Sir Thomas Fane of Mereworth Castle. The estate of Preston was restored to Thomas Culpeper, who later became a Revenue Commissioner. In 1561 he was Purveyor of Rochester Bridge.
     Two labourers, John Mylles and Isaac Frenche, with the latter's wife Agnes, were indicted for grand larceny before judges John Southcote and Thomas Gawdy at Rochester Assizes on 19 Mar 1579. On 11 Oct 1578, the indicted broke into the house of Thomas Culpepper at Aylesford and stole twelve table napkins (valued at 5s), eighteen table napkins (4s), two tablecloths (4s), two long towels [value omitted], a pair of sheets (2s) and a pillowbar (16d) belonging to Thomas, and three smocks (3s), two aprons (2s) and a kerchief (6d) belonging to his daughter Anna. Mylles and Isaac Frenche were found guilty and allowed clergy.5 
Will*18 Jul 1587 He made a will on 18 Jul 1587.

In the name of God Amen.
     I Thomas Colepeper of Aylesford in the County of Kent the Elder being weak of body but perfect of memory Lord be therefore given to God the Eighteenth day of July and in the year of our Lord God One Thousand Five Hundred and Eighty and Seven (18 Jul 1587).
     I do make my Last Will and Testament in manner and form following wherein First I bequeath my soul into the hands of my Redeemer and my Body to be buried at the discretion of mine Executors and as following the disposition of my goods and chattels.
     I Will to every of my daughter Mary Crispe (Mary Culpeper) of her children Forty Pounds of lawful money of England to them to be paid in manner and form following that is to say every one of her sons Forty Pounds when they attain the full age of Twenty and One years and to every of her daughters Forty Pounds when they shall come to the full age Seventeen years and further
     I Will to every one of my daughters Forty Pounds when that shall come to the full age of seventeen years and further
     I will to every of my daughter Anne Crispe (Anne Culpeper) her children the like sum of Forty Pounds to be in like sort generally to them in manner and form following that is to say to every one of her sons Forty pounds when they accomplish the full age of Twenty and One years and to every of her daughters Forty Pounds when that shall attain the age of Seventeen years and I further express and declare and my intent and meaning is that these several legacies before by these present devised shall be generally given and paid to them by my said Executors when they shall generally accomplish their said ages of Twenty One years and Seventeen Years as in above expressed and further
     I will and bequeath to my daughter Elizabeth Culpepper (Elizabeth Culpeper) the sum of Three Hundred pounds of like lawful money to be paid unto her by my Executors either at the day of her marriage if shall fortune to be married before she accomplish the age of Eighteen Years or at her age of Eighteen years is she by then be married and further
     I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Martine Colepeper (Martine Ridge), One Hundred pounds of lawful money of England to her be paid within one whole year after my decease provided always that if I shall not p**rniff and suffer pain Thomas Colepeper (Sir Thomas Culpeper of Preston Hall in Aylesford, co. Kent) peaceably and quietly to have ….. and enjoy all further goods and chattels real and personal whatsoever as by me the said Thomas are to him already given, that then this here present legacy shall be made and finally
     All the residue of my goods and chattels whatsoever I give to my son Thomas Colepeper.
     This is my Last Will and Testament of me the said Thomas Colepeper the Older furthering the description of all my Lands tenements and Heriditatments made the day and year above expressed wherein I do will and devise and give to my son Thomas Colepeper all my Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever within the County of Kent or elsewhere within the Coastline of England to have and to hold to him the said Thomas Colepeper my son and to the male heirs of his body lawfully begotten and for default of such issue the remainder to the rightful heirs of me the said Thomas Colepeppr the Elder for ever per me Thomas Colepeper
     Witnessed at the making and sealing of this my present Testament, Henry Crispe the Elder (Sir Henry Crispe of Quex in Thanett, Kent), Edward Tryon.6,7 
Death*1587 He died in 1587. 
Probate*1587 Probate action was taken on Thomas's estate in 1587 at co. Kent, England,

13 Rutland. 

Family 1

Margaret Culpeper (say 1525 - )
Marriage*say 1547 He married Margaret Culpeper say 1547. 
Divorce*1576 He and Margaret Culpeper were divorced in 1576. 
Children

Family 2

Martine Ridge (say 1550 - say 1598)
Marriage*say 1577 He married Martine Ridge say 1577. 
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
Last Edited14 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "Colepeper of Aylesford Pedigree in The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaelogical Collection, Vol. XLVII, 1904.
  2. James H. Sephton, Preston Hall, Aylesford, 496 Station Road, Aylesford, Kent: J. H. Sephton, 1997, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
    p. 10.
  3. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
    Transcribed the will of John Culpeper of Grays Inn, Essex (1559), from the PRO images.
  4. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image of will at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_of_Grays_1562.pdf.
  5. James H. Sephton, Preston Hall, Aylesford, 496 Station Road, Aylesford, Kent: J. H. Sephton, 1997, Repository: Warren Culpepper's Personal Library.
  6. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Thomas Colepeper of Aylesford (#8536), dated 18 Jul 1587, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Thomas_of_Aylesford_1588.pdf.
  7. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.