Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, Knight1

Male, #8907, (circa 1625 - circa 26 Sep 1697)
Father*Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, the Elder, Knight (c 1575 - c 26 Jan 1661/62)
Mother*Elizabeth Cheney (s 1582 - 27 Oct 1638)
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Name Variation He was also known as Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, the Younger.2 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Birth*circa 1625 Thomas was born circa 1625. 
Baptism3 Nov 1625 He was baptized at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England, on 3 Nov 1625.  
Death of Mother27 Oct 1638 His mother Elizabeth Cheney died on 27 Oct 1638. 
Marriage*1661 He married Doris Douse in 1661. 
Middle Temple*22 Nov 1661  On 22 Nov 1661, Thomas was admitted to the Honourable Society of the Middle Temple, commonly known as Middle Temple, one of the four Inns of Court (professional associations for barristers and judges) in London.3 
Will15 Jan 1661/62 He is mentioned in the will of Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, the Elder, Knight on 15 Jan 1661/62.4 
Death of Fathercirca 26 Jan 1661/62 His father Sir Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne, the Elder, Knight died circa 26 Jan 1661/62. 
Death of Spousecirca 4 Aug 1662 His wife Doris Douse died circa 4 Aug 1662. 
Marriage*31 Dec 1663 He married Alicia Culpeper at Aylesford, co. Kent, England, on 31 Dec 1663.5 
Birth of Son1664 His son William Culpeper of Hollingbourne was born in 1664 at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England
Birth of Son1669 His son Thomas Culpeper of the Middle Temple was born in 1669. 
Will*2 Mar 1695 He made a will on 2 Mar 1695.

In the name of God Amen. I Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne in the County of Kent, Knight being God be praised in good health and of sound memory do make and Ordain this my last Will in manner and form following. First I commit my soul to Almighty God my Creator only trusting in the merits of Jesus Christ my Redeemer for remission of my Sins. My Body I bequeath to the earth to be buried in the Vault adjoining Hollingbourne Church with all Privacy.
     Item I give and confirm to my dear Wife Dame Alicia Culpeper (Alicia Culpeper) my Lease of Hollingbourne Rectory during her natural life also my lease of Hollingbourne. I will entreating her part that both of them be from time to time duly renewed and repaired also my Manor of Cloddington and Quit Rents thereunto belonging also the Half acre or more or less on which some part of the site or Mansion of the Rectory stands also my two houses with the appurtenances in Hollingbourne Street adjoining to the Parsonage house also my Sixteen Acres more or less of Cornwood also my Meadows called Parish Croft Constables and Chalkwell Also my Three Closes called Churchfields now sown with Sainfoin also my closes called the Nine Acres and the Barrow, my close called the West Forest and Woodside Land all with from and after the decease of my fond dear Wife I give and bequeath to my Eldest son William Culpeper and his heirs.
     I give and confirm to my Eldest son William Culpeper (William Culpeper of Hollingbourne) all the Lands which at over all times I purchased of Thomas Waide.
     Item I give and bequeath to my Eldest daughter Francis Culpeper (Frances Culpeper) the sum of Five Hundred Pounds owing me from Sir Thomas Colpeper of Aylesford Baronet (Sir Thomas Culpeper of Preston Hall, 3rd Bart.) the same being discharged of a life sum left her by my dear sister Freke (Frances Culpeper) in her will.
     I likewise will to my said daughter Francis One Hundred Pounds more owing to me by the said Sir Thomas Culpeper of Aylesford therewith to discharge that Hundred Pounds due from me to the Trustees of my son and daughter Hamilton (Margaret Culpeper).
     Item I give and bequeath to my son and daughter Francis Culpeper and her heirs all that my Tenements and Heriditaments with the Appurtances in Long Alley near Morefield in the Parish of St.Leonards Shoreditch and County of Middlesex now or late in the tenure of Nicholas Eearle, *****Hooper, Abraham Hadgebeat **** Bitterworth, the widow Hinton and **** Browne their Assigns or under tenants provided that she the said Francis Culpeper shall renounce all other claims from my heirs or Executrix then by this Will and within a year from my decease on lawful demand seal to my Executrix & Release of all other her claims whatsoever.
     Item I give unto my third daughter Hellene Culpeper (Helen Culpeper) the sum of One Hundred Pounds which at her request I lately placed on a public Fund at Fourteen per Cent for her life. It being in full discharge of her Aunt Francis (Frances Culpeper Freke) Legacy she the son and Hellene on lawful demand within a year after my decease sealing unto my Executrix a Release of all other claims and I recommend my said daughter Hellene to the kindness of my dear Wife her Mother according as she shall for the future deserve it.
     Item, I give and bequeath to my youngest daughter Alicia Culpeper (Alicia Culpeper) and her Heirs all these my Tenements and Heriditaments with the Appurtentents in Long Alley aforesaid now or later in the Tenure of Widow primus John Cartwright, Anthony Smith, and Sir Prowley their Assigns or undertennents together with the sum of One Hundred Pounds with all her requests I lately placed for her upon the same public Funds provided the said Alicia renounce all her Claim of her Aunt Francis Legacy.
     Item I give to my youngest son Thomas Culpeper (Thomas Culpeper of the Middle Temple) and his Heirs all those my Tenements and Heriditaments with the Appurtainces in Long Alley aforesaid formally by me Let to Mr Thomas Tynne and Thomas Oaten and now or late in the several Tenures of the Mr Sir Marriot and Mr Cogger their Assignees or Undert tennants provided my said son Thomas on Lawful demand release all Claims of arrears of Rent for his Farm at Broadstreet.
     Item I give to my said Dear Wife and her Heirs all those my Tenements and Heriditaments in Long Alley aforesaid and now or late in the tenure of John Webster Gentleman his Assigns or Under tenants also the second sum of One Hundred Pounds which I late placed in my and daughter Helens name and during her life at Fourteen per Cent upon the funds above mentioned the said sum and Tenements to be by my said dear Wife to be disposed of as she shall think fit among her Children.
     Item I give to my said Dear Wife the sum of Two Hundred Pounds towards her due renewing my Leases aforesaid and payment of the next hundred pounds shortly owing to the rector of Hollingbourne which said sum I therefore reckon as a Capital Debt, strictly charging the same on all my Estate not as yet disposed of.
     Item I make and ordain my said Dear Wife the Sole Executrix of this my last Will and for enabling her readily to pay my debts do freely give and bequeath her to her Heirs and Executors and Administrators my Lease of Hollingbourne Court Lodge and will with all the Appurtances also my farm on Hollingbourne Hill with all the Appurtances named which I late bought of John Allen Gentleman My lands near Broadstreet purchased of Henry Henshaw Gentleman also my right of Redemption of those my Tennements and Heritaments with the Appurtances in Long Alley aforesaid lately by me mortgaged for One Thousand Pounds into the Trustees of my Son in Law William Hamilton Esq. Also those Tenements and Heritaments with the Appurtances in long Alley aforesaid late in the Tenure of Thomas Witherall Gent his Assigns or Under tennents and all other my said Lands and Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever not herein before bequeathed or disposed of Likewise all my Household Stuff, Plate, Jewels, Stock upon my grounds and all other my Goods and Chattels whatsoever and I further give unto my Dear Wife Fifty Pounds per Annum during her life in token of my real kindness and poor requital of her deserts entreating her under our Sacred Band of Long friendship and conjugall Love, all my debts being fairly discharged to convey the remainder of all the said last bequeathed Lands Leases and premises to my Son William and his Heirs Only subject to the payment of the said Fifty Pounds per****** unto my said Dear Wife herself living her life.
     Lastly I do solemnly constitute and declare this to be my Last Will and Testament wholly revoking and annulling all former Wills and Codicils whatsoever in writing whereof I have here unto set my Hand and Seal this second day of March in the year of out Lord One Thousand Six Hundred Ninety and Five. (2 Mar 1695)
     Thomas Culpeper
     Signed , Sealed and published in the presence of Sir John Shiloon, Rob Wood, Lydia Chillmar.6,7 
Death*circa 26 Sep 1697 He died circa 26 Sep 1697. 
Burial*27 Sep 1697 His body was interred on 27 Sep 1697 at Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England
Biography* He was baptised in Hollingbourne, November 3, 1625, as 'Thomas Culpeper, s. of Sir Thomas Culpeper,' and matriculated at University College, Oxon, April 27, 1640, 'aged 14,' being almost contemporaneously elected to a fellowship of All Souls; from which the Parliamentary commissioners ejected him in 1649 (Foster). He proceeded B.A., February 8, 1643/4, and M.A., May 26, 1653. Meanwhile, on December 1, 1647, he was 'specially admitted' to the Middle Temple as 'Mr. Thomas, second son of Thos. Culpeper of Hollingbourne, Kent, Knt.' and on November 22, 1661, 'Sir Thomas Culpeper [was] called, of grace, to degree of the Utter Bar' (Hopwood, iii, 958, 1167).

The last entry shows that he was knighted by Charles II soon after the Restoration, but he is not recorded by LeNeve or Shaw.

After his father's death he retired to Hollingbourne and devoted himself to editing, republishing and enforcing his father's works against usury, publishing, incidentally, Moral Discourses of his own (See the bibliography in Athanae Oxon, iv, 447; D. N. B. re-issue, v, 287).

In 1679 he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for Kent and served that office until 1693, when his commission was withdrawn in consequence of his tory politics (Cal. State Papers, Dom., 1679-80; 1693).

He was buried in Hollingbourne, September 27, 1697, as 'Sir Thomas Culpeper, Kt.' and left a will which was proved as P.C.C. Pyne, 274.1 
Biography The third son, Sir Thomas Culpeper the younger (1626-1697), inherited Greenway Court. He entered as a commoner of University College, Oxford, in 1640; received a B. A. in 1643; traveled abroad, and was subsequently elected probationer-fellow of All Souls College.

He was knighted soon after the Restoration; retired to his estate on his father's death in 1661, and died there in 1697. His will, dated March 1696, was proved 7 Dec 1697. He was married, and left three sons (Thomas, William, and Francis) and three daughters. Besides editing and writing a preface for his father's tract on usury (1668), he published many pamphlets on the same subject, repeating his father's arguments. In 1668 appeared his Discourse showing the many Advantages which will accrue to the Kingdom by the Abatement of Usury, together with the absolute necessity of reducing interest of money to the lowest rate it bears in other countries, and later in the same year he issued a short appendix to this treatise.

Thomas Manley controverted Culpeper's view in Usury at Six percent examined, 1669, and as anonymous writer argued against him in Interest of Money mistaken, 1669.

Culpeper replied to Manley in detail in The Necessity of abating Usury reasserted, 1670. Culpeper also issued Brief Survey of the Growth of Usury in England with the Mischiefs attending it, 1671; Humble Proposal for the Relief of Debtors, and speedy Payment of their Creditors, 1671; Several Objections against the Reducement of Usury... with the Answer, 1671.

Culpeper was likewise the author of a collection of commonplace reflections entitled Essayes or Moral Discourses on several Subjects. Written by a person of honour, 1655 and 1671, and a tract Considerations touching Marriage, is also attributed to him.

Hasted's Kent, ii. 466 ; McCulloch's Lit, Polit. Econ. 1845, p. 249 ; Wood's Athena Oxon. (Bliss), iii. 533, iv. 447 ; Brit. Mus. Cat.).8 
Will7 Aug 1703 He is mentioned in the will of Thomas Culpeper of the Middle Temple on 7 Aug 1703.9 
Will12 Aug 1710 He is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.10,7 
Will18 May 1717 He is mentioned in the will of Philippa Culpeper (The Younger Sister) on 18 May 1717.11,7 
Will6 Jan 1727 He is mentioned in the will of Alicia Culpeper on 6 Jan 1727.12,13 
Will28 Jul 1768 He is mentioned in the will of John Spencer Colepeper of Charterhouse, Middlesex at Charterhouse Square, co. Middlesex, England, on 28 Jul 1768.14,7 

Family 1

Doris Douse (say 1643 - circa 4 Aug 1662)
Marriage*1661 He married Doris Douse in 1661. 

Family 2

Alicia Culpeper (say 1640 - 1730)
Marriage*31 Dec 1663 He married Alicia Culpeper at Aylesford, co. Kent, England, on 31 Dec 1663.5 
Children
ChartsThe 12th century Culpepers of England: Descendant Chart (16 generations, Males only)
The Culpepers of Hollingbourne, co. Kent, England (Possibly extinct): Descendant Chart
Last Edited4 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  2. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "Colepeper of Aylesford Pedigree in The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaelogical Collection, Vol. XLVII, 1904.
  3. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3a.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Sir Thomas Culpepper of Hollingbourne, Kent, Knight, P. C. C. Laud, 16. Will dated January 15, 1661/2. Proved February 8, 1661/2.
  5. Church of Latter Day Saints, compiler, International Genealogical Index (IGI), Intellectual Reserve, Inc..
    http://www.familysearch.org/
  6. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne (#8907), dated 2 Mar 1695 and proved P.C.C. Pyne, 274, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from the images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Thomas_of_Hollingbourne_1697.pdf.
  7. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.
  8. The Dictionary of National Biography. The Concise Dictionary. Part 1, From the beginnings to 1900. London: Oxford University Press, 1953.
  9. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Thomas Culpeper of Hollingbourne (#8907), dated 7 Aug 1703, transcribed by Warren Culpepper from the images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Thomas_of_Middle_Temple_1704.pdf.
  10. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  11. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of Honourable Francis Philippa Culpeper, 18 May 1717, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby from images at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Philippa_of_KirbyCane_1720-1.pdf.
  12. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/Alicia_of_Aylesford_1734.pdf.
  13. E-mail written Sep 2012 to Warren L. Culpepper from John Buckley, Lancaster, England, e-mail address.
  14. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John Spencer Culpeper of Charterhouse, dated 28 Jul 1768, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Spencer_1789.pdf.