Margaretta van Hesse1

Female, #8947, (12 Jan 1635 - circa 10 May 1710)
Father*Jan van Hesse Seigneur de Persehill and Wena (s 1599 - )
Mother*Catharina van Cats (s 1601 - )
Name Variation She was also known as Margaret. 
Birth*12 Jan 1635 Margaretta was born on 12 Jan 1635. 
Marriage*3 Aug 1659 She married Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway at The Hague, Holland, on 3 Aug 1659 at age 24.2 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Culpepper. 
Married Name3 Aug 1659  As of 3 Aug 1659, her married name was Dame Margaret Culpeper Baroness of Thoresway. 
Name-AltSpell This surname is sometimes spelled Colepeper. 
Will29 Nov 1691 She is mentioned in the will of Alexander Culpeper Surveyor General of VA on 29 Nov 1691.3,4 
Will*8 May 1710 She made a will on 8 May 1710.

Margaret Lady Culpeper, widow, Baroness Dowager of Thoresway. To be bur. in prsh. church of Bromfield, to be carried from Leeds Castle to sd. church on shoulders of six of my own servants, coffin to be bought at Maidstone, not more than £3 in price, 6 yards of black cloth to be laid on coffin & afterwards given to six poor women of sd. prsh. To my grandson Thomas Lord Fairfax (Thomas Fairfax Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron) £4,000 due to me on malt tickets, also my sixth part of the Virginia estate. To my granddaur. Margaret Fairfax (Margaret Fairfax) my £3,000 stock in Bank of England, but if she marry without consent of Katherine Lady Fairfax (Catherine Culpeper) her mother & my nephew George Sayers esq. or die before marriage, sd. £3,000 stock to sd. grandson Thomas Lord Fairfax. To said granddaur. my great necklace of pearl etc. To my granddaur. Katherine Fairfax (Catherine Fairfax.5) moneys due to me from her mother-about £800, also silver chamber pot (sic). To my granddaur. Margaret, silver basin. Rest of goods to my daur. Katherine Lady Fairfax & she to be exctrix. Signed M. Culpeper, Witns. John Brisenden, Richard Filmer, D. Fuller.

Prob. by Catherine Lady Fairfax, widow, daur. & extrix.] 
Death*circa 10 May 1710 She died at Leeds Castle, Leeds, co. Kent, England, circa 10 May 1710.5 
Burial*12 May 1710 Her body was interred on 12 May 1710 at Broomfield, co. Kent, England
Biography* In a private act of Parliament passed in August, 1663 (12 Car. II, c. 12; House of Lords MS; Cf. list of private acts in Ruffhead, iii) to naturalise the foreign born wives brought home from the exile by several of the cavaliers, she was described as 'Margaret Lady Culpeper, wife of the Right Honourable Thomas Lord Culpeper, Baron of Thoresway... said Margaret [being born] also at The Hague [in Holland]... said ladies being protestants.' The Dutch genealogist already cited describes her father as 'lord of Piershall and Wena, nobleman of the house of the Prince of Orange,' her mother as 'Catharina van Cats;' and says that her elder sister Charlotte (1629-1716) m. 1655 Thomas Killigrew the poet, and after the Restoration became a Lady of the Privy Chamber to Charles II's queen. Mr. Wykeham-Martin (Leeds Castle, p. 171) had access to Lady Culpeper's marriage-settlement, which unfortunately he did not print for it has since been lost, and from it quotes the description of her father as 'Sieur jean de Hesse, Chevalier, en son vivant Seigneur de Pierschil et Wena, et judge des Eaux et Forets de Holland et West Frize, Captaine de Cavalerie au service de Monseigneurs les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies.' In the Leeds Castle family bible George William Fairfax, writing long after Lady Culpeper's death, recorded her as 'youngest daughter and heir of the Seigneur jean de Hesse, of the noble family of Hesse of Bergen near Cologne.' Burnaby translates this into 'a princess of the house of Hesse Cassel.' The family of Hesse maintained, in several branches, a minor sovereignty on the banks of the Rhine from the middle ages to the time of Napoleon; but it is apparent from the descriptions quoted above that the father of Margaret Lady Culpeper, while of that breeding, was modestly cadet, and not at all princely. To this judgment should be added Lady Culpeper's own testimony after her husband's death (Hist. MS. Comm., House of Lords MS., 1689-90, p. 434) that she brought him 'a very great fortune with which he purchased a very considerable estate of inheritance in fee simple.6
Will12 Aug 1710 She is mentioned in the will of John Lord Culpeper 3rd Baron of Thoresway on 12 Aug 1710.7,8 

Family

Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway (circa 1635 - 27 Jan 1689)
Marriage*3 Aug 1659 She married Thomas Lord Culpeper 2nd Baron of Thoresway at The Hague, Holland, on 3 Aug 1659 at age 24.2 
Child
Last Edited15 Jun 2011

Citations

  1. Col. F.W.T. Attree R.E./F.S.A. & Rev. J.H.L. Booker M.A., "The Sussex Colepepers, Part I", Sussex Archaeological Collections, XLVII,47-81, (1904)http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/sussex/default.htm.
  2. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Chapter 3c.
  3. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Image of will at: /archives/uk/wills/images/Alexander_of_Hollingbourne_1695.pdf.
  4. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    P.C.C. Irby, 3., Will dated November 29, 1691 and proved January 5, 1694/5.
  5. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm
    Will of Margaret Lady Culpeper, widow, Baroness Dowager of Thoresway, P.C.C. Smith, 145, Will dated May 8, 1710, Proved June 19, 1710.
  6. Fairfax Harrison, The Proprietors of the Northern Neck - Chapters of Culpepper Genealogy, Richmond, VA: The Old Dominion Press (Privately printed), 1926, Repository: LDS Family History Library - Salt Lake City, Call No. US/CAN Film #929429. Transcription available online at: http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/nneck/default.htm.
  7. Public Records Office, National Archives, London.
    Will of John 3rd Lord Culpeper, dated 12 Aug 1710, transcribed by Charles Andrew Grigsby. Image at: http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-1.pdf and
    http://gen.culpepper.com/archives/uk/wills/images/John_Baron_of_Thoresway_1719-2.pdf.
  8. E-mail written 2007 to Warren Culpepper from Charles Andrew Grigsby, England, e-mail address.